Causes & Symptoms
Individuals suffering from sinusitis experience a variety of cold-like symptoms such as nasal congestion and discharge, postnasal drip, sore throat, facial pressure and swelling, loss of smell and taste, headache, fever, fatigue and bad breath. Complications can include asthma attacks, meningitis, vision problems, aneurysms and stroke.
Diagnosis & Treatment
Treatments will vary depending upon the severity of your sinus infection and whether it’s an acute or chronic condition. Saline nasal sprays and corticosteroids are useful for rinsing your nasal passages and relieving inflammation. Decongestants are a good short-term solution, but extended use can actually worsen the condition. Antibiotics are usually prescribed for bacterial infections.
Antihistamines, nasal steroid sprays, saline washes and oral steroids all provide long-term relief. More permanent solutions such as immunotherapy (allergy shots or drops) or surgery can bring relief to those suffering from chronic sinusitis.
Your doctor will diagnose non-allergic rhinitis based on your symptoms and medical history. Mild cases of rhinitis may respond to simple home remedies; irrigation of the nasal passages with a Neti pot, using a humidifier to moisten the air and drinking lots of liquids can all help. In addition, your doctor may recommend over-the-counter or prescription drugs including antihistamines, decongestants and saline or corticosteroid nasal sprays. Surgery is necessary for nasal polyps, a deviated septum or any other physical abnormalities.